试题与答案

阅读下面文言文,完成文后各题。 徐九思,贵溪人。嘉靖中,授句容知县。始视事,恂

题型:阅读理解与欣赏

题目:

阅读下面文言文,完成文后各题。

  徐九思,贵溪人。嘉靖中,授句容知县。始视事,恂恂若不能。俄有吏袖空牒窃印者,九思擿其奸,论如法。郡吏为叩头请,不许,于是人人惴恐。为治,于单赤务加恩,而御豪猾特严。讼者,抶不过十。诸所催科,预为之期,逾期令里老逮之而已,隶莫敢至乡落。县东西通衢七十里,尘土积三尺,雨雪,泥没股。九思节公费,甃以石,行旅便之。朝廷数遣中贵醮神三茅山,县民苦供应。九思搜故牒,有盐引金久贮于府者,请以给赏,民无所扰。岁侵,谷涌贵。巡抚发仓谷数百石,使平价粜而偿直于官。九思曰:“彼籴者,皆豪也。贫民虽平价不能籴。”乃以时价粜其半,还直于官,而以余谷煮粥食饿者。谷多,则使称力分负以去,其山谷远者,则就旁富人谷,而官为偿之,全活甚众。积九载,迁工部主事,历郎中,治张秋河道。漕河与盐河近而不相接,漕水溢则泛滥为田患。九思议筑减水桥于沙湾,俾二水相通,漕水溢,则有所泄以入海,而不侵田,少则有所限而不至于涸。工成,遂为永利。(节选自《明史·徐九思传》)

  【注】①单赤:孤苦无依的平民。②催科:催收租税。③中贵:有权势的太监。④盐引:商人运销官盐的凭证。

(1)对下列句子中加粗词语的解释,不正确的一项是(     )

A.始视事,恂恂若不能——视事:官吏到职开始工作

B.不许,于是人人惴恐——惴恐:恐惧

C.尘土积三尺,雨雪,泥没股——雨雪:下雪

D.甃以石,行旅便之——行旅:行走旅游

(2)下列各组句子中加粗词的意义和用法,不相同的一组是(     )

A.郡吏叩头请,不许/谁大王为此计者

B.请给赏,民无所扰/天将酬长厚者

C.使平价粜偿直于官/万钟则不辨礼义受之

D.漕水溢泛滥为田患/公使阳处父追之,在舟中矣

(3)下列各句中加粗的词语,不属于词类活用的一项是(     )

A.俄有吏空牒窃印者

B.而以余谷煮粥饿者

C.其山谷远者,则旁富人谷

D.而官为偿之,全活甚众

(4)以下句子分别编为四组,全部说明徐九思为民谋利的一组是(     )

①九思擿其奸,论如法 

②逾期令里老逮之而已 

③有盐引金久贮于府者,请以给赏 

④巡抚发仓谷数百石 

⑤乃以时价粜其半,还直于官 

⑥少则有所限而不至于涸

A.①③⑤

B.①②⑥

C.③⑤⑥

D.②④⑤

(5)下列叙述,不符合原文意思的一项是(     )

A.徐九思吏治严明,坚决处罚违纪官吏,尽管郡中上司求情也不赦免。治理百姓,则尽力施恩于孤苦无依的平民,严加管束邪恶奸猾的势力。

B.徐九思关心百姓疾苦,他翻修道路以方便交通,又在朝廷祭神扰民的情况下,请求动用府库中的盐税收入赏赐百姓,以减轻百姓的负担。

C.徐九思处理政事灵活变通,灾荒年份巡抚平价卖粮,他认为只有富豪才有能力买粮,因而动用部分粮食无偿周济濒于死亡的饥饿贫民。

D.徐九思注意水利建设,为避免河水泛滥淹没良田,他兴建工程沟通漕河、盐河,使水溢时能泄水入海,水少时又不致干涸,使百姓永久得利。

(6)将下列句子翻译成现代汉语。

①隶莫敢至乡落。

译文:___________________________________________________

②贫民虽平价不能籴。

译文:___________________________________________________

③乃以时价粜其半,还直于官。

译文:___________________________________________________

④谷多,则使称力分负以去。

译文:___________________________________________________

答案:

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